Fraunhofer is Europe’s largest application-oriented private non-profit research organization. Fraunhofer comprises 67 institutes in Germany and runs international research centers and offices in Europe, USA, and Asia. Fraunhofer Ernst-Mach-Institut (EMI), carries out research in the fields of defense, security, mobility, aviation and space. Investigations carried out at EMI include the physical and technical aspects of high-speed mechanical and fluid-dynamic processes, including experimental and numerical analyses of shock waves, flow and combustion processes, impact and penetration processes, and the response of materials and structures to shock loads. EMI specializes also in computational physics and high-speed measurement techniques and instrumentation. A further expertise comprises classical and socio-technical system analysis and modelling, quantitative risk and resilience analyses, risk management and resilience improvement processes, technical reliability and (functional) safety analyses and audits. In the business unit Security, Fraunhofer EMI researches and develops concepts, processes, methods and technologies to make our society and its technologies and infrastructures more robust, error-tolerant and resilient to potential disruptions. In the field of border control system analysis and improvements, EMI led or contributed in a major role to several projects, also directly involved by LEAs regarding in particular physical security issues. EMI has been tasked for (functional) safety audits of systems as well as risk analyses for new domains, in particular transport systems, and airport security systems.
Role in TRESSPASS:
Fraunhofer EMI brings senior expertise in the set-up of risk and resilience analysis concepts, approaches and indicator selection and composition for overall risk assessment (input to WP2), also for uptake in WP7 and WP8.
The main role is as main technical contributor to WP7 on simulation, training and evaluation. FHG will lead two technical tasks on fast analytical and simulative approaches to be used also in WP5, and the extension of an existing shared evaluation platform for airport checkpoints to distributed risk-based border control nodes (BCSEC).
Another responsibility is the conduction of the evaluation of the border control pilots. To this end Fraunhofer EMI will collect information from operators, legal and privacy experts as well as conduct simulations and analyses for the TRESSPASS nodes tailored within the use cases. Further FHG ensures that the societal science partners ALU-FR and TCD deliver also at least qualitative indicators that can be used for overall evaluation of the risk-based border control TRESSPASS nodes, again also for uptake in WP7 and WP8.